US History: The Enlightenment (interesting stuff for sure)

Quote of AWESOMENESS“History teaches us the mistakes we are going to make.” – Jean Bodin

Heeeyyyy!

So I guess we’re on a roll with these US History episodes huh.

Awesome, am I right? Heh.

Let us proceed.



Vocabulary & Terminology

Enlighten – to shed light on the truth, free from ignorance

Truth – how things are

Intellect – power of the mind to understand through the use of reason

Reason – to explore the cause & effect of things

Revolution – a dramatic change of practices or beliefs



The Enlightenment: It was from the 1700’s to the early 1800’s in Europe & America that intellectual revolution occurred which was known as the Enlightenment. It was also known to stem from the Scientific Revolution from the 16th & 17th century. 

Age of Reason: The Enlightenment was known as an intellectual movement because it challenged traditional authority, encouraged individualism & ability to think for oneself, proved man’s ability to reason & discover the truth, and they had realized that people’s liberties to be protected by law. (Yo, shout out to all the nonconformists for a good cause back then!)

Founding Fathers: The Enlightenment influences the Founding Fathers and applies ideas to both the revolution and constitution. Who are the Founding Fathers exactly? They led the American Revolution against the United Kingdom. Of all the Founding Fathers, Benjamin Franklin is the most known for his scientific discoveries & inventions: he proved lightning was electricity, and he was a member of the Declaration of Independence Committee. Other notable Founding Fathers:

  • John Adams, member of the DOI committee and first VP
  • Thomas Jefferson, author of DOI, 3rd President
  • George Washington, First President of the United States
  • James Madison, the main author of the Constitution and the 4th President of the United States
  • Thomas Paine, who wrote the “Common Sense”


___Important Peeps Profiles___

John Locke:

Image result for john locke

– “What worries you, masters you.”

  • English philosopher
  • Expressed the idea that people are born with “natural rights” which includes the right to life, liberty, and property
  • Lock believes that people have the right to change or overthrow a government that does not protect these natural rights

Baron de Montesquieu:

– “To become truly great, one has to stand with people, not above them.”

  • French writer and philosopher 
  • Argued for separation of powers within the government 
  • He believed that each branch should serve as a check on the other branches power 
  • This was to ensure that one person or branch doesn’t have all the power

Jean Rousseau:

– What wisdom can you find that is greater than kindness?

  • French philosopher
  • Believed that people must give up some liberty in exchange for the protection of others by the government (a.k.a social contract)
  • In exchange for this, he expected the government to give something in return and must govern according to the people (consent of the governed)
  • This is a democracy btw

Cesare Beccaria:

“It is better to prevent crimes than to punish them.”

  • Italian philosopher
  • Promoted new ideas about the justice system
  • Argues that people accused of crimes had certain rights, and he advocated abolishing torture

Voltaire:

– “I might disagree with your opinion, but I am willing to give my life for your right to express it.”

  • French philosopher
  • Published more than 70 books! (that’s a lot….. I KNOW)
  • Believed in the freedom of speech & expression


Enlightenment in the USA: The constitution is based around the idea of democracy & the idea that the power to makes laws should be in the hands of the people. The idea of separation of powers was used by the United States when drafting the new constitution (Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches). It is guaranteed in the U.S. Bill of Rights 1st Amendment that people have the right to freedom of speech & press. Another thing the Bill of Rights includes is that torture was outlawed by the 8th amendment. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence drawing on the philosophy of natural rights and states that all men have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

Stay awesome & positive peeps! ✌️ 

Yours truly,

L.O.A.S.H


 © Elizabeth Anne Villoria 

Advertisements